The Rise of Hitler and FDR:
Two Tales of Politics, Betrayal & Unlikely Destiny
From David
the award-winning
author of
1920: The Year of
the Six Presidents
David Pietrusza
From Lyons Press,
an imprint of Globe Pequot

Paperback: Sept. 1, 2016

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Adopted at the National Convention,
New York City, May 1, 1932

Social systems and their corresponding forms of government
come into being as results of social forces making for social
progress. The purpose of governments is ostensibly to insure
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness of the useful members
of society.
Whenever a society fails in or becomes destructive of these
ends, it has self-evidently outlived its usefulness, rendering it
imperative for the exploited and oppressed class to organize its
forces to put an end to the outworn social system.
Such a crucial period of history is facing humanity to-day, and
in view of this the Socialist Labor party, in national convention
assembled, May 1, 1932, reaffirms its former platform
declarations and in accord with international Socialist principles

The history of mankind has been a struggle for progress, taking
the form of struggles for power between contending classes.
Whenever a ruling class had fulfilled its mission, and its
interests ceased to be in harmony with social interests, it was
supplanted by the class below, which, by increasing economic
and political powers, attained its revolutionary goal. This class,
in turn, became a carrier of social progress until it had outlived
its usefulness and, becoming reactionary and a stumbling block
in the path of humanity, had to give way before the combined
forces of social progress and a new revolutionary class.
With capitalism there remain in society just two contending
classes, the capitalist class and the working class—the capitalist
class, the owner of the means of production, which ownership
to-day is wholly destructive of the life, liberty and happiness of
the mass of the people; and the working class whose interests
demand the abolition of private ownership in the means of life.
The interests of the working class demand the institution of
collective ownership and control, guaranteeing to all the right to
work, and by securing to all the full fruits of their labor, ending
for all time the destructive class wars which have up to now
torn humanity asunder.

For forty years the Socialist Labor party has been moving
upward toward this historic moment.
The capitalist system is now creaking and breaking in every
joint and cranny. It is no more "on trial" than a horse-drawn
vehicle is on trial beside a powerful motor van. Capitalism is
outworn, obsolete, ready for the museum of social history. A
mere glance at the world situation should suffice to convince
even the dullest of this forceful fact.
Economic bonds have snapped; social bonds are dissolving. As
a result, factories are closing down, machinery stands idle and
rusts, until from ten to twelve million working men and women
of this country are idle and they and their dependents stand
bereft of food, clothing and shelter. The million mass of the
people, the world over, arc starving and dying, surrounded by
tremendous wealth created by their own labor. Workers are
unable to find work, to secure the necessities of life.

The Socialist Labor party has ceaselessly pointed out the
inevitable doom of the capitalist system of production and

    has pointed to the fact that "free" competition—one of the
    beatitudes of the system—was inevitably leading to the
    elimination of the small, and gradually not so small either,
    business men and manufacturers;
    has shown that the cumulative effect of the gigantic
    machines of production in fewer and fewer hands would be
    so tremendous as to get beyond the possibility of control by
    the few industries;
    has demonstrated beyond doubt that the capitalist profit
    system was built and could exist only on the exploitation of
    that this exploitation with the aid of the machines was
    becoming so tremendous that it would eventually become
    absolutely impossible for the capitalist expropriators to
    dispose of this surplus in either domestic or foreign markets;
    that this "stolen goods" would eventually accumulate and
    lie like an incubus on the chest of humanity, preventing it
    from breathing and living while a multi-million army of
    unemployed would tramp the streets and highways unable
    to find the wherewithal to live.

This state of social dissolution is NOW upon us.
When a social system has reached the point of utter dissolution,
when the bonds that held it together are snapping, ruling class
interests eagerly offer palliatives and reforms to stave off the
impending doom of the system. It is so with capitalism. In
various disguises, but moved with one purpose, various agents
of capitalism appear, holding out alluring promises of reform
ostensibly to bring relief to the workers. But there can be no
relief to a revolutionary class within a social system that is
Where a social revolution is pending and, for whatever reason,
is not accomplished, reaction is the alternative. Every reform
granted by capitalism is a concealed measure of reaction. He
who says reform says preservation, and he who says that
reforms under capitalism are possible and worth while thereby
declares that a continuation of capitalism is possible and worth
while. But capitalism has grown into an all-destroying and all-
devouring monster that must be destroyed if humanity is to live.

At this crucial moment the Socialist Labor party calls upon the
working class of America, more deliberately serious than ever
before, to rally at the polls under the party's banner.
The Socialist Labor party also calls upon all other intelligent
citizens to place themselves squarely upon the ground of
working-class interests, and join us in this mighty and noble
work of human emancipation, so that we may put summary end
to the existing barbarous class conflict and insane
contradictions between unlimited wealth and wealth
production, and the poverty and wretchedness suffered by
those whose labor created all this wealth.
We call upon them to place the land and all the means of
production, transportation and distribution in the hands of the
useful producers as an organized industrial body, under a
national industrial administration to take the place of the
present outworn political or territorial government. And we
further call upon the workers to hasten this work of social and
human regeneration to the end that a speedy termination may
be put to the present state of planless production, industrial war
and social disorder, substituting for it the Socialist or Industrial
Commonwealth of Emancipated Labor—a commonwealth in
which every worker shall have the free exercise and full benefit
of his faculties, multiplied by all the factors of modern